Page 5 of the magnetic pages covering the stuff found in the year 2020.


Introduction: In this html page on magnetism we will focus on a weird detail of the so called Stern-Gerlach experiment from the year 1922 where they managed to separate a stream of silver ions into two parts. 
And the culprit was one loose unpaired electron that did split this stream of silver ions. 

I was 50 years of age when I read these weird results for the first time and I did not understand them: 
The experiment used an inhomogeneous magnetic field so how could electrons choose the way of the weaker magnetic field?  

Within two days I had the answer: Electrons are magnetic monopoles because only monopoles can be repelled by the stronger side of a magnetic field. 

I was very surprised by my own result because I too was indoctrinated by 'Magnetic monopoles do no exist' kind of thinking. 

Anyway, two years back that was the starting point of the 'electrons are magnetic monopoles'. 

Have fun reading it and hopefully you will learn something from it. 
And for those who know my math pages on higher dimensional complex numbers: Here I will avoid math most of the time. 


Page 1 containing updates from Oct 2015 till Dec 2016: 

27 Oct 2015: Ten reasons why electrons are magnetic monopoles   
12 Dec 2015: Reason 11 is found: Lamor precession versus the violin string 
21 Dec 2015: Reason 12: Nuclear fusion & the plasma instability problem  
30 Dec 2015: Reason 13: Experiments with a television tube  
08 Jan 2016: Reason 14: Even numbered atomic elements are more stable 
10 Jan 2016: Reason 15: Superconductivity explained as a monopole effect 
25 Jan 2016: Reason 16: Even numbered atomic elements are more stable. part 2 
27 Jan 2016: Reason 17: Dia-magnetism explained via magnetic monopoles 
29 Jan 2016: Reason 17.5: The combed universe  
02 Feb 2016: Reason 18: Para-magnetism explained via magnetic monopoles 

15 Feb 2016: Reason 19: The temperature of the solar corona 

17 Feb 2016: Reason 20: The plasma instability problem according to MIT 
25 Feb 2016: Reason 21: The way plasma magnetic mirrors work 
05 March 2016: Reason 22: Birkeland currents  
07 March 2016: Reason 23: Behavior of DIY plasma in a magnetic field 
20 March 2016: Reason 24: The energy levels in cosmic rays 
28 March 2016: Reason 25: Because Pauli said so 
03 April 2016: Reason 26: First evidence of particle acceleration by magnets 
23 April 2016: Reason 27: The SI units for magnetic and electrical fields 
27 April 2016: Reason 28: Localization of charge and linear polarization of light 
03 May 2016: Reason 29: Because Germans say neutrons carry magnetic moment 
12 June 2016: Reason 30: New photo's from a television experiment 
12 July 2016: Reason 31: Experimental results from JET show non confinement
11 Aug 2016: Reason 32: Why does the plasma start spinning asks Steve Cowley 
19 Aug 2016: Reason 33: Vertical displacement events in nuclear plasma's 
13 Sept 2016: Reason 34: Two famous physics professors telling nonsense
17 Sept 2016: Reason 35: Some Tokamak explosive discharges explained
03 Oct 2016: Reason 36: Solar corona temperature explained via the bonkers force
05 Oct 2016: Reason 37: Old and new experiments upon the bonkers force 
10 Oct 2016: Reason 38: The Hendrik Casimir effect and the vacuum catastrophe
14 Oct 2016: Reason 39: The acceleration of the solar wind 
27 Oct 2016: Reason 40: Electrons must conserve linear momentum, but they don't 
24 Dec 2016: Reason 41: The vacuum catastrophe part 2 
Page 2 covering stuff found in 2017:  

07 Jan 2017: Reason 42: A 60 minutes documentary on the Stern-Gerlach experiment 
31 Jan 2017: Reason 43: The way a Faraday box and other mirrors work 
06 Feb 2017: Reason 44: The way qubits from Dwave work
15 Feb 2017: Reason 45: The critical magnetic threshold in super conductivity 
19 March 2017: Reason 46: BCS theory says electron pairs are bosons...
19 April 2017: Reason 47: The acceleration of the solar wind, Part 2
24 July 2017: Reason 48: The failure of IBM's racetrack memory  
07 Sept 2017: Reason 49: The amazing strength of the Jupiter aurora's 
14 Oct 2017: Reason 50: A calculation on electron acceleration by a magnetic field 
17 Dec 2017: Reason 51: Spin properties of the positron 
19 Dec 2017: Reason 52: Jupiter aurora's without the electrical field acceleration
Page 3 covering stuff found in 2018:    

08 Feb 2018: Reason 53: Domain walls of magnetic domains explained (electron pairs) 
22 Feb 2018: Reason 54: Spin Hall effect in circular conductors or back to the basics? 
07 March 2018: Reason 55: The way a simple nano spin valve works 
08 March 2018: Reason 56: This experiment shows zero spin torque transfer 
24 March 2018: Reason 57: A video containing the formation of magnetic domains
29 March 2018: Reason 58: The main Bloch wall simply moves if you add more magnets
07 April 2018: Reason 59: Are Majorana fermions their own anti particle? Nope!
09 April 2018: Reason 60: The existence of zero field splitting 
26 April 2018: Reason 61: The vacuum catastrophe part 3 
13 May 2018: Reason 62: The 'holes' in the solar corona 
06 June 2018: Reason 63: The possibility of Compton scattering 
07 July 2018: Reason 64: Bloch and Neel walls explained
22 July2018: Reason 65: A possible model for solar loops going between two solar spots 

16 Aug 2018: Reason 66: Side-way electron acceleration as in the television experiment 
07 Nov 2018: Reason 67: Perfect flat metal pieces stick together like very strong magnets

Page 4 covering stuff found in 2019: 

11 Jan 2019: Reason 68: Elevator pitch for electron magnetic monopolism 
14 Jan 2019: Reason 69: At least he shows the Lorenz force 
16 Feb 2019: Reason 70: Comparison with ions in an electric field 
04 March 2019: Reason 71: Rabi freq = 0.5*Lamor freq in this experimental setup 
02 April 2019: Reason 72: The spherical electron and formation of the electron pair 
09 May 2019: Reason 73: In his own words; S. Goudsmit on the discovery of electron spin 
01 June 2019: Reason 74: A simple experiment & magnetic domain dynamics 
09 July 2019: Reason 75: Electron configuration of Neodymium
09 August 2019: Reason 76: Failure of fusion reactors like ITER and Wendelstein 7-X
04 Sept 2019: Reason 77: More on the Curie temperature of iron
10 Oct 2019: Reason 78: An easy experiment I can't do myself  
05 Nov 2019: Reason 79: Fusion plasma heated by magnetic field
04 Dec 2019: Reason 80: Does magnetic reconnection disprove Gauss' law of magnetism?

Page 5 covering stuff found in 2020:

14 Jan 2020: Reason 81: Parker probe results; fast changing direction of magnetic field.  



Foreword: Last year I tried to make at least one update a month, this year I will relax that to at most one update a month. All in all I now have penned down 80 reasons as why it is impossible that electrons are magnetic dipoles. And these 80 reasons show it is far more logical that electrons carry magnetic charge and as such are never magnetic dipoles but magnetic monopoles.

In order to show you that I always like to keep it as logical as possible, never stuff like 'If you think you understand quantum physics you don't understand quantum physics', let me give you a small elevator pitch.

Elevator pitch: It is known that the electron pair is magnetically neutral. For example it is known that materials having only electron pairs never are ferro magnetic. But if electrons were magnetic dipoles, almost by definition they would be magnetically neutral. Yet unpaired electrons get accelerated by magnetic fields, that is known from the Stern Gerlach experiment. The logical conclusion simply is: It is impossible that electrons are magnetic dipoles. So this leads to the conclusion that electrons are magnetic monopoles; they carry magnetic charge...

Ok, may be my elevator pitch is a bit too long for a 20 seconds long explanation. But if the electron pair is magnetically neutral while the electron is not, it is only logical that electrons aren't magnetic dipoles. 

This year is only 12 days old (when I write this it is 12 Jan 2020) and I already found two more reasons as why it makes it plausible that electrons carry magnetic charge. I would like to start with the latest results from the Parker solar probe. The other reason could be that on stars like our sun, if they rotate faster they have fare stronger solar flares. May be that would be the reason for the month of February. End of the foreword.


14 Jan 2020: Reason 81: Parker solar probe results; fast changing direction of the local magnetic field. 

A couple of years ago I arrived at the conclusion that if solar plasma would spin round like some kind of tornado, that would make a lot of the electrons inside that spinning tornado go out and very soon this tornado would become positively charged and as such become a very strong dipole magnet. 

But I had no clue whatsoever if there could be spinning tornado like structures going into the solar plasma. So I never wrote that idea down at the time because it was all too speculative. After about a year I became aware of the fact that at the solar equation the sun is rotating faster compared to the polar regions. Ah, that was a very good finding because if the equation regions spin faster, it all is very plausible that rotating structures will emerge in the solar plasma... 

It is well known that plasma is very conductive, for example they run the current through a tokamak fusion reactor with only one Volt or something of that order of magnitude. Plasma is highly conductive by it's very nature: most electrons are separated from the atomic nuclei. So if such a spinning tornado structure becomes highly positively charged because it spits out so many electrons, in that case streams of electrons from the surrounding plasma could come in. It could also be that in a short span of time so many electrons come in that the spinning plasma tornado would become negatively charged resulting in a sudden change of magnetism as it comes out of the solar surface... 

May be, if you have seen those video's of the solar surface, you see such a stream of plasma going out from a solar spot along some magnetic field but than all of a sudden it stops in it path and you see all that plasma reverse and go back into the sun...

Ok, now for one of the results of the Parker solar probe. Let me quote you from a NASA source:14 Jan 2020: Parker solar probe results; fast changing direction of magnetic field. They name such sudden magnetic reversals 'switchbacks'.

One type of event in particular caught the attention of the science teams flips in the direction of the magnetic field, which flows out from the Sun, embedded in the solar wind and detected by the FIELDS instrument. These reversals dubbed "switchbacks" appear to be a very common phenomenon in the solar wind flow inside the orbit of Mercury, and last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes as they flow over the spacecraft. Yet they seem not to be present any farther from the Sun, making them undetectable without flying directly through that solar wind the way Parker has. 

Source: First NASA Parker Solar Probe Results Reveal Surprising Details About Our Sun 

I hesitated for about 10 days in order to turn this stuff into reason number 81 as why electrons cannot be magnetic dipoles because the explanatory graphic from NASA were so strange. But from history when it comes to solar plasma I know that a lot of the 'official version' also includes magnetic fields as some rubber band thing that live inside the sun and because of the rotational differences that would 'mess up' the rubber bands and all that energy released is the root cause of solar spots and the outbursts they have... I am not fooling you, I have said many times those people are crazy to the bone.  

Here is the NASA picture: 


The five sided thing at the right lower corner is the Parker solar probe. It looks like the NASA folks think that the magnetic reversals are spatial but my dear NASA folks: magnetic fields fly out with the speed of light.  

So all in all I post this reason number 81 is that I think a model like plasma tornado's makes much more sense to describe all that wonderful stuff we seen when looking at the behavior of solar plasma.

Back in 2018, on 22 July to be precise, I suggested this rotation model for the first time. That was in reason number 65 as why electrons cannot be magnetic dipoles:
Reason 65: A possible model for solar loops going between two solar spots

I could not find a video that fast that shows solar plasma going out, coming to a halt and then going back along the same magnetic arc as it came out. But I found a nice pdf written by the quartet  Z. Sturrock, A. W. Hood, V. Archontis, and C. M. McNeill. It is about sunspot rotation. Let we give you a short quote from the abstract:

Solar eruptions and high flare activity often accompany the rapid rotation of sunspots. 

The title of their pdf is:  Sunspot rotation (A consequence of flux emergence).
Link to pdf:

Needless to say I think the title is a bit wrong: It is the rotation that causes the magnetic arcs going out of the solar surface. And not magnetism coming from the inside of the sun that makes the plasma rotate (anyway that is what the authors of that pdf seem to think).

Ok, that was it for this month Jan 2020. Till updates.